careless: Procedures for Computing Indices of Careless Responding
When taking online surveys, participants sometimes respond to items
without regard to their content. These types of responses, referred to as
careless or insufficient effort responding, constitute significant problems
for data quality, leading to distortions in data analysis and hypothesis
testing, such as spurious correlations. The 'R' package 'careless' provides
solutions designed to detect such careless / insufficient effort responses
by allowing easy calculation of indices proposed in the literature. It
currently supports the calculation of longstring, even-odd consistency,
psychometric synonyms/antonyms, Mahalanobis distance, and intra-individual
response variability (also termed inter-item standard deviation).
For a review of these methods, see Curran (2016) <doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2015.07.006>.
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