careless: Procedures for Computing Indices of Careless Responding

When taking online surveys, participants sometimes respond to items without regard to their content. These types of responses, referred to as careless or insufficient effort responding, constitute significant problems for data quality, leading to distortions in data analysis and hypothesis testing, such as spurious correlations. The 'R' package 'careless' provides solutions designed to detect such careless / insufficient effort responses by allowing easy calculation of indices proposed in the literature. It currently supports the calculation of longstring, even-odd consistency, psychometric synonyms/antonyms, Mahalanobis distance, and intra-individual response variability (also termed inter-item standard deviation). For a review of these methods, see Curran (2016) <doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2015.07.006>.

Version: 1.2.2
Imports: psych
Suggests: testthat (≥ 3.0.0), knitr, rmarkdown
Published: 2023-10-01
DOI: 10.32614/CRAN.package.careless
Author: Richard Yentes ORCID iD [cre, aut], Francisco Wilhelm [aut]
Maintainer: Richard Yentes <ryentes at>
License: MIT + file LICENSE
NeedsCompilation: no
Citation: careless citation info
Materials: README NEWS
CRAN checks: careless results


Reference manual: careless.pdf
Vignettes: Careless Vignette


Package source: careless_1.2.2.tar.gz
Windows binaries: r-devel:, r-release:, r-oldrel:
macOS binaries: r-release (arm64): careless_1.2.2.tgz, r-oldrel (arm64): careless_1.2.2.tgz, r-release (x86_64): careless_1.2.2.tgz, r-oldrel (x86_64): careless_1.2.2.tgz
Old sources: careless archive

Reverse dependencies:

Reverse suggests: ufs


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