To cite the leiden package in publications use:

Kelly ST (2022). leiden: R implementation of the Leiden algorithm. R package version 0.4.3,

Please also acknowledge the original publication: Traag, V.A., Waltman. L., Van Eck, N.-J. (2019). From Louvain to Leiden: guaranteeing well-connected communities. Sci Rep 9, 5233 <>

Corresponding BibTeX entry:

    title = {leiden: R implementation of the Leiden algorithm},
    author = {S. Thomas Kelly},
    year = {2022},
    note = {R package version 0.4.3},
    url = {},